A unique, interdisciplinary collection of contributions by major theorists and analysts of state spatial restructuring in the current era. Most of the approaches about the formation of global cities are based on a zero-sum conception in relation to the spatial scale, what leads to emphatize the drop of the power of the national States: while the spatial scale expands, the national scale is stated to contract. Across otherwise diverse discursive, ideological and locational contexts, the urban age thesis has become a form of doxic common sense around which questions regarding the contemporary global urban condition are framed. The concept of uneven spatial development lies at the heart of such analyses. A concluding section suggests that our theoretical grasp of geographical scale could be significantly advanced if scaling processes are distinguished more precisely from other major dimensions of sociospatial structuration under capitalism. In this brief essay, we cannot attempt to survey the intricacies of diverse research traditions. The primacy of forms of government organized along traditional, Westphalian lines has been undermined by the unprecedented rise of supranational and subnational levels of state power and by the proliferation of new forms of governance.
This mode of analysis has significant implications for interpreting the current global economic crisis. Foreboding declarations about contemporary urban trends pervade early twenty-first century academic, political and journalistic discourse. These arguments are illustrated through a general discussion of the interphase between global cities and the national States in contemporary Western Europe. Specifically, we suggest that terri-tories T , places P , scales S , and networks N must be viewed as mutually constitu-tive and relationally intertwined dimensions of sociospatial relations. The politics of deregulation in post-unification Germany have therefore been closely intertwined with a broader reterritorialization and re-scaling of state power in which new subnational institutional spaces are being mobilized as the geographical spearheads for renewed economic growth. I suggest, in particular, that processes of urban governance represent a key mechanism for the rescaling of western European state space.
Martin Jones is Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Martin Jones is Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. The same forces that project millions of tons of solid waste into the ocean each year also produce marginality and social disintegration in densely populated agglomerations. Contains case study material on Western Europe, North America and East Asia, as well as parts of Africa and South America. The very economic processes that fill the cityscapes of the world with luxurious gated communities also generate job insecurity, gentrification and the unrelenting growth of slums on the outskirts of megacities.
Likewise, modern states are internally divided into diverse territorial jurisdictions and administrative subdivisions. Partiendo de ese entendimiento, proponemos un reconocimiento más sistemático del polimorfismo —la organización de las relaciones socioespaciales en diferentes formas— de la teoría socioespacial. Through such an approach, moreover, one can productively explore scenarios for counter-neo-liberalizing forms of regulatory restructuring within contemporary capitalism. Specifically, we suggest that territories T , places P , scales S , and networks N must be viewed as mutually constitutive and relationally intertwined dimensions of sociospatial relations. Second, and on this basis, an interpretation of the new metropolitan regionalism in Western Europe is briefly introduced as. This work represents an important contribution to the ongoing debate on neo-liberalism, which has long been a lightning rod for discussions of contemporary capitalism, its regulatory dynamics, its crisis tendencies and its possible futures. Introduction: State Space in Question: Neil Brenner, Bob Jessop, Martin Jones, Gordon MacLeod New York University; Lancaster University; University of Wales Aberystwyth; University of Durham.
In this article, we offer an account of how the French Marxist philosopher and sociologist Henri Lefebvre can be read as a theorist of territory. The contributors explore state restructuring on multiple spatial scales, and from a wide range of theoretical, methodological, and empirical perspectives. Bob Jessop is Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University. In the 1980s and early 1990s, scholars mobilized a variety of categories—including, among others, deindustrialization, reindustrialization, post-Fordism, internationalization, global city formation, urban entrepreneurialism, informalization, gentrification and sociospatial polarization—in order to describe and theorize the ongoing deconstruction and attempted reconstitution of urban social space. Explores state restructuring on multiple spatial scales, and from a range of theoretical, methodological and empirical perspectives. First, I situate the new metropolitan governance in historical context by underscoring its qualitative differences from earlier waves of metropolitan institutional reform. The contributions explore state restructuring on multiple spatial scales, and from a wide range of theoretical, methodological, and empirical perspectives.
While empirical and methodological applications of assemblage analysis have generated productive insights in various strands of urban studies by building on political economy, we suggest that the ontological application favored by McFarlane and several other assemblage urbanists contains significant drawbacks. The article concludes by summarizing some of the methodological implications of this analysis for future studies of urban-regional restructuring and the production of new state spaces. A teorização proposta envolve um estreitamento conceitual das questões de escala: os conceitos de escala não devem ser confundidos com aqueles de espaço, lugar, território ou redes. Taken together, as we explore below, these complementary research agendas are systematically challenging the entrenched geographical assumptions within mainstream approaches to state space. Across otherwise diverse discursive, ideological and locational contexts, the urban age thesis has become a form of doxic common sense around which questions regarding the contemporary global urban condition are framed. From this point of view, the national States are not being eroded under the contemporary geoeconomic conditions, but rearticulated, re-territorialized and re-scaled. This ongoing rescaling of statehood has, on the one hand, eroded the nationalized formations of urban governance and the standardizing, territorially redistributive forms of state spatial policy that prevailed during the Fordist-Keynesian period.
This article examines the changing relationship between the global cities and the national States on the West Europe of the post '70. Resumo: Este ensaio busca reformular debates recentes sobre a teoria socioespacial por meio da introdução de uma abordagem que pretende compreender o caráter inerente-mente polimórfico e multidimensional das relações socioespaciais. © 2003 by Neil Brenner, Bob Jessop, Martin Jones, and Gordon MacLeod. The article concludes by outlining a series of methodological perspectives for an alternative understanding of the contemporary global urban condition. A problemática da escala geográfica — sua organização espacial, sua produção social, sua contestação política e reconfiguração histórica — foi, portanto, inserida no âmago da questão urbana. Is there any future for a distinct field of urban theory in a world in which urbanization has been generalized onto a planetary scale? This article develops an interpretation of the new metropolitan governance in Western Europe in two steps: First, the new metropolitan governance is situated in historical context by underscoring its qualitative differences from earlier waves of metropolitan institutional reform in Western European city-regions. Most of the approaches about the formation of global cities are based on a zero-sum conception in relation to the spatial scale, what leads to emphatize the drop of the power of the national States: while the spatial scale expands, the national scale is stated to contract.
This article examines the changing relationship between the global cities and the national States on the West Europe of the post '70. The prospects and potential of efforts to move genuinely beyond neoliberalism must also be considered in this light. Relatedly, such approaches do not adequately grasp the ways in which contemporary urbanization continues to be shaped and contested through the contradictory, hierarchical social relations and institutional forms of capitalism. The primacy of forms of government organised along traditional, Westphalian lines has been undermined by the unprecedented rise of supranational and subnational levels of state power and by the proliferation of new forms of governance. Our introduction identifies and comments on an emergent research agenda that is concerned with the production and transformation of state space.
We begin with a series of definitional clarifications that underpin our conceptualization of neoliberalization as a variegated, geographically uneven and path-dependent process. This essay elaborates a critical geographical perspective on neoliberalism that emphasizes a the path—dependent character of neoliberal reform projects and b the strategic role of cities in the contemporary remaking of political—economic space. The first volume to present an accessible yet challenging overview of the changing geographies of state power under capitalism. Neil Brenner, Director of the Urban Theory Lab at Harvard University Graduate School of Design, reflects on the lack of an overarching theory to describe these realms, and argues that what we call the countryside or the hinterland has become key to the process of capitalist urbanisation. This agenda is particularly focused on the restructuring of territorially demarcated forms of state power and the recent decentring of nationally-scaled forms of state activity. Martin Jones is Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Building upon reflexive approaches to critical social theory and our own ongoing research on planetary urbanization, we present a new epistemology of the urban in a series of seven theses.
Neil Brenner is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Metropolitan Studies at New York University. This groundbreaking, interdisciplinary volume brings together diverse analyses of these ongoing transformations of state space. Bob Jessop is Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University. Towards a Critique of Geospatial Ideology with Nikos Katsikis; Barcelona: Actar, 2019. They provide innovative analyses of key theoretical and topical issues, including: The nature of state space under modern capitalism The historical geographies of the Westphalian interstate system The transformation of state territoriality under conditions of 'globalization' The changing roles of national states in socioeconomic regulation The governance of cross-border regions, global cities, and offshore financial centers The consolidation of new supranational regulatory arrangements The geographical rearticulating of struggles over citizenship and democracy Analyses are supported by case study material covering Western Europe, North America, and East Asia, as well as parts of Africa and South America. From this perspective, contemporary forms of metropolitan institutional reform are interpreted as key expressions of ongoing processes of state rescaling through which territorial competitiveness is being promoted at a regional scale, albeit in highly contradictory, often self-undermining ways. They generally flow from underlying disagreements regarding the sources, expressions and implications of contemporary regulatory transformations.