Where usage is not obvious the tool is shown in use. Follow the procedures in this manual carefully and completely. Unless specific values are given, all threaded connections should be tightened according to the required tightening torques listed on torque charts. Do not take short cuts. Under no circumstances use makeshift tools or equipment since the use of substitutes may adversely affect safe operation. Providing that the service schedules are respected, the customers can be sure of obtaining the maximum satisfaction and best result from his car. This manual also contains information about adjusting work and valuable reference data for such adjustment values.
However, it contains enough detail and basic information to make it useful to the owner who desires to perform his own basic maintenance and repair work. Information on the troubleshooting, servicing specification lists, tightening torque, checking and adjusting, disassembling and assembling and servicing which cover procedures, precautions, factory specifications and allowable limits. This manual provides general descriptions for accomplishing service and repair work with tested, efective tehniques. Appropiate service methods and correct repair procedures are esential for the safe, reliabe operation of all motor vehicles as well as the personal safety of the individual carrying out the work. The work can only be carried out if the owner has the necessary hand and special service tools to complete the job. . The illustrations in this manual are used to highlight the fundamental principles and procedures of basic interventions.
The descriptions are brief but precise and are supported by photographs, notes, drawings and schematics, as well as exploded and sectional drawings. This service manual has been specially prepared so that the explanation is very simple. This manual includes special notes, important points, service data, precautions, etc. Information on the construction and function are included. Comprehensive explanations of all installation, removal, disassembly, assembly, repair and check procedures are laid out with the individual steps in sequential order.
Keep complete records of all maintenance and repairs with dates and any new parts installed. In order to perform the work efficiently and to avoid costly mistakes, read the text and thoroughly familiarise yourself with procedures before starting work. Rectify all problems as soon as possible immediately if safety related. Following them will help assure reliability. These groups contain general information, diagnosis, testing, adjustments, removal, installation, disassembly, and assembly procedures for the systems and components. All work should be performed with great care and in a clean working area with adequate lighting.
Do not allow problems to develop. This part should be understood before proceeding with troubleshooting, disassembling and servicing. When replacing fasteners, always use the same type part number fastener as removed. No special emphasis is put on replacing sealing components as we assume that these items are replaced during any repair. Always use the correct special service tools or equipment specified. To perform all repairs listed in this manual, a complete set of standard tools, as well as the special tools and fixtures shown and listed are necessary.
All information, illustration and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information avaiable at the time of publication approval. Where accurate measurements are required, they can only be made using calibrated, precision instruments. The specification, maintenance and other information for the components are included, and diagnostic information has also been added where necessary. It has been prepared so that if this manual is thoroughly read, even comparatively new personel can give satisfactory after services to the customers as well as disassemble and maintain the vehicle. A basic knowledge of mechanics, including the proper use of tools and workshop procedures is necessary in order to carry out maintenance and repair work, satisfactorily. .
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