Stories in the Moment of Encounter: Documentation Boundary Work 113 6. In keeping with the estimated nature of statistics, I have generally rounded the Grimeses' figures. Reading the Maidu Language: Nine Beginning Lessons, by William Shipley Names Index Bibliography General Index. I first examine the current situation of the Shoshoni language and then focus on Shoshoni speakers on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation of southeastern Idaho and the role their language ideologies have played in language revitalization efforts. As a result, the residents of Fort Belknap began to use written English as a means of negotiating with the government and when arguing for structural change during the early reservation period while maintaining distinct arenas for Indigenous language use.
One had its locus in the educational institutions, and the other was more broadly dispersed throughout families and homes, extending to other contexts of everyday life in which Apache standards of communicative competence set the tone for interactions. Meek addresses the complexities of learning an endangered language in the classroom and beyond. This article examines processes by which diversity is differentially entextualized and partially circulated in higher education discourses. Nevins, extending concerns of Ro y Wagner's anthropology of the subject and esp. They are cursed with being neither dead nor alive. During his career, Ford made such classics as Stagecoach, The Grapes of Wrath, How Green Was My Valley, and The Searchers-136 pictures in all, 54 of them Westerns.
Indigenous languages and cultures are under threat of extinction as never before. The resulting Maidu Texts presented the stories in numbered block texts that, while serving as a source of linguistic decoding, also reflect the state of anthropological linguistics of the era by not conveying a sense of rhetorical or poetic composition. This study follows upon hers in drawing linkages between the ways in which stories are taken up in communicative context and the nontrivial role this plays in the articulation of indigenous communities within broader sociopolitical orders. Immigrants and their languages worldwide are similarly subject to seemingly irresistible social, political, and economic pressures. Nevins reveals the community's historical and contemporary concerns for language documentation, maintenance, and revitalization.
Concluding with critical calls from leading researchers in the field to consider the human lives at stake, Sustaining Linguistic Diversity reminds scholars, researchers, practitioners, and educators that linguistic diversity can only be sustained in a world where diversity in all its forms is valued. Questions why such linguistic diversity exists in the first place, and how can we can best respond to the challenge of recording and documenting these fragile oral traditions while they are still with us. Author by : Ronald L. Addressing and resolving these insecurities typically involves raising community awareness about the impact of colonial and hegemonic language ideologies on local thinking about language and communication. A good deal of innovation is made possible by documentation, including much that those who document languages will inevitably remain unaware of. Through its exploration of language, materiality, and morality, this book illuminates a wide range of debates in social and cultural theory.
For Kaska, the language curriculum in later grades did not advance much beyond the basic forms and formulaic expressions of the early lessons such that very few adults or elders disap- proved; the Kaska curriculum would not could not provide the neces- sary education for practicing medicine or even for storytelling. This article elaborates upon Dell Hymes's contributions to dialogic anthropology by comparing two accounts of Apache lives, one spoken by Lawrence Mithlo to Harry Hoijer and published in a 1938 text collection, and another spoken by Eva Lupe to the author in 1996. Seton in combining adventure and romance in a modern setting. Community members have the right to advocate within their community for the survival of their language; someone from outside the community does not. The techniques are simple to use and possible for anyone to emulate. Sustainability: Possible Socialities of Documentation and Maintenance 215 Appendix A: Lawrence Mithlo 229 Appendix B: Eva Lupe on Her Early Life 237 Index 250 This incisive ethnographic analysis of indigenous language documentation, maintenance, and revitalization focuses on linguistic heritage issues on the Native American reservation at Fort Apache and explores the broader social, political and religious influences on changing language practices in indigenous communities. This incisive ethnographic analysis of indigenous language endangerment, maintenance, and revitalization focuses on the linguistic heritage of the Native American reservation at Fort Apache and explores the broader social, political and religious influences on evolving languages in native communities.
On the one hand, each makes use of Apache language idioms and genre precedents to underwrite their respective claims to authentic Apache identities. This knowledge is not only our cultural heritage oral histories, poetry, stories, etc. Rules for behavior can be given for a child in such a way as to make it more likely for cooperation than rebellion. She teaches us to attain newunderstandings of the hidden complexity of these important intra-and intercultural projects. For a lot of its students, Haskell had been a horrific experience of being stripped off of their traditional cultures, being physically punished, feeling homesick and suffering from tuberculosis. I will conclude by suggesting that the entextualizing practices of ethnography threaten to obscure the authority asserted by consultants in fieldwork conversations. Following Heath, this chapter addresses differences in contextualizing practices that embed stories within a network of relations extending well beyond the immediate context of telling and shape orientations in consequential ways.
The linguistic change to be considered has resulted in the contemporary configuration of a different aspect of the structure of Modern English, that of so-called person and number. In discussions of language endangerment, speaker counts are the most important single index of the endangered character of the language. This book offers inspiring lessons for both parents and educators. Offers a focused ethnographic analysis of an indigenous This incisive ethnographic analysis of indigenous language documentation, maintenance, and revitalization focuses on linguistic heritage issues on the Native American reservation at Fort Apache and explores the broader social, political and religious influences on changing language practices in indigenous communities. The Bearer of This Letter illuminates the enduring effects of colonialism by examining the decades-long tension between written words and spoken words in a reservation community. In this chapter, the author draws out paradoxes and conflicts surrounding Apache language, or Ndee Bik' ehgo Biyatí', on the Fort Apache reservation and suggests that parallel dynamics can be found in other indigenous communities.
By contrast, among faculty acting as faculty, diversity is variously conceptualized and entextualized in discipline-specific discourses, leading to less coherent enregisterment. Provides an ethnographic analysis of speech in indigenous communities that moves beyond narrowly conceived language documentation to consider changing linguistic and social identities. It is entirely up to the community or to individuals within a community as to whether they want to put in the effort to develop new speakers for their language. One axis of political tension can be traced between Apache language program developers in educational offices and various forms of religious leadership, including Traditionalists and Apache Evangelicals. Note, however, that 187 languages comprise only a very small proportion of the world's languages, about 3%. Principal concerns, such as territoriality versus personality principles and individual versus collective rights, are discussed. Her work has appeared in a number of edited volumes as well as in the journals Language in Society, Language and Communication, Heritage Management, and Journal of Linguistic Anthropology.