The reasons behind these differences as well as their implications are explored, particularly for minority representatives. Little work has specifically explored Latino attitudes, with the focus typically on African-American opinions. We present evidence that such ethnic attrition is sizeable and selective for the third-generation populations of key Hispanic and Asian immigrant groups. Scrivner Professor of Economics and Social Policy John F. The educational selectivity of Mexican-American intermarriage generates corresponding differences in the employment and earnings of Mexican Americans according to the ethnicity of their spouses. These studies suggest that a significant investment in expanding educational opportunities may be the single most important policy lever to incorporate Latinos into the American mainstream.
Concerns about the military in general and standing armies in particular were derived from, and caused by, the British. One emphasizes the vulnerability of urban systems to organized interests and community pressures; the other argues that urban systems are unresponsive and ossified bureaucracies. Furthermore, several studies indicate that higher income citizens have greater access to School Boards and increased opportunities for input into decisions Hess and Leal 2001; Stone 1982; Verba and Nie 1972. Moreover, the initial wage disadvantage of internal migrants depends upon the distance moved and economic conditions in the destination labor market. In so doing, our work contributes to larger scholarly efforts to better understand immigrants in general and Mexican immigrants in particular. Specifically, the more years served by members of the House, a the less likely they are to return home after leaving office and b the more likely they are to work as lobbyists in Washington, even after controlling for multiple personal and political factors. Although there is little discussion in the education literature of how minority teachers might influence achievement by students of all races, there is a widespread assumption that minority teachers improve the performance of minority students.
Because a large share of new immigrants arrive with very low levels of schooling, English proficiency, and other skills that have become increasingly important determinants of success in the U. In that case, denominational differences should not matter, but churchgoers should be more active than non-churchgoers. While political participation may appear on the surface as equally available to all citizens, research has found that communities offer varying degrees of opportunity for participation ibid. The data include 2,760 staff members hired by 210 freshmen who entered the House between 1981 and 1996. Contemporary debates on Latino panethnicity assert that this identity is either cultural or instrumental in nature. Using three surveys that required the inter- viewer to evaluate how informed and intelligent the respondents appeared, we found that inter- viewers were more likely to evaluate respondents of lower socioeconomic status as less informed and less intelligent, even after controlling for objective levels of political information.
Latinos now comprise one of every seven workers and almost one of every five students in the United States. We find that wage assimilation is an important source of immigrant earnings growth in both Canada and the United States, but the magnitude of wage assimilation is substantially larger in the United States. In response to this trend, this book assembles an interdisciplinary group of scholars to better understand two dimensions of contemporary immigration policy - a growing enforcement and restriction regime in receiving nations, and the subsequent effects on sending nations. Along with the finding of previous research that unionized workers are more susceptible to temporary layoffs, these results are consistent with a model in which unions use overtime pay to stabilize working hours and expand membership. While some accounts have emphasized the cross-cutting nature of immigration policy debates, more recent research finds a growing partisan divide. Despite the growing attention paid to Latinos in recent years, this population is characterized by relatively low socio-economic status, and Latinos frequently rank behind the majority white population and other minority groups when it comes to education, finances, and employment.
Since the reelection of Barack Obama, the prospects for immigration reform have grown alternatively warm and cold. Objectives Although the contact hypothesis occupies an important place in the study of intergroup relations, several important questions remain understudied. Empirical analysis suggests that wage differentials do arise to mitigate the purely demand-driven effects predicted by previous models, but these differentials are not large enough to neutralize overtime pay regulation completely. The volume starts with the foundational issue of education, and then moves to immigrant integration and adjustment, Latino and immigrant earnings, the economic impact of Latinos, and inter-generational incorporation and long-term integration issues. Employment assimilation explains all of the earnings progress experienced by Australian immigrants, whereas wage assimilation plays the dominant role in the United States, and Canada falls in-between. We develop an economic model of immigration which generates implications about how welfare utilization should vary according to characteristics of the country of origin. Oxford Handbook of Political Science, pp.
Translated in 2009 as Travesías eróticas: La vida sexual de mujeres y hombres migrantes de México México: Grupo Editorial Miguel Ángel Porrúa. We develop a theory of the process of assimilation - what immigrants do with their time - based on the notion that assimilating activities entail fixed costs. Because ethnic attachments tend to fade across generations, these subjective measures might miss a significant portion of the later-generation descendants of immigrants. The studies in the volume edited by David Leal and Stephen Trejo provide an excellent foundation for this discussion. These studies suggest that a significant investment in expanding educational opportunities may be the single most important policy lever to incorporate Latinos into the American mainstream. Instead, Latino panethnicity is a complex phenomenon, differing not only by a range of demographic characteristics but also among those using panethnicity as a primary or secondary identification. Legislating Equality: The Politics of Antidiscrimination Policy in Europe.
This finding has important policy implications, as focusing only on the role-modeling hypothesis might lead to incomplete or incorrect reform remedies for urban school districts. Using official records provided by the Mexican Federal Electoral Institute, we model the incidence of expatriate ballot solicitations prior to the 2006 presidential election in Mexico. Comparisons that use women to control for California-specific shocks show even stronger effects. Is There a Link Between Hispanics and First-Generation College Students? The attributes of personal choice of a job, timing of decision-making and attempts to get a job, personal reasons, and appeal to enlist constituted the major perceptions leading to a recruitment decision. Using the Latino National Political Survey, large differences between citizen and non-citizen participation are found. Using unique Current Population Survey data from November 1979 and 1989, this paper compares the wage structure across generations of Mexican-origin men.
This suggests that aggregate Latino support for vouchers may drop if Catholic affiliation further declines. Latinos now comprise one of every seven workers and almost one of every five students in the United States. Estimates from May 1985 Current Population Survey data indicate that unionization increases the prevalence of premium pay for overtime and reduces the incidence and extent of overtime hours. Educators have long discussed the value of community engagement in schooling, especially in troubled urban systems. Each of the four volumes published thus far has struggled with an ongoing dilemma: how to characterize Latino contributions accurately so that we neither perpetuate the rhetoric claiming a strong and inevitable Hispanic influence in politics today nor undervalue the increasing contribution of Latinos to the national political fabric. The Effects of English Proficiency among Childhood Immigrants: Are Hispanics Different? Jutte, Luisa Franzini, Irma Elo, and Mark D.