If we take out one of those ships from the equation, then two ships salvaged by the Spaniards were never found in modern time. Little was salvaged at the time. A Spanish salvors chart showing the locations of the 1733 Plate Fleet shipwrecks Vessels that could not be refloated and towed back to Havana were burned to the waterline, enabling divers to descend into the cargo holds, and also concealing the wrecks from freebooters. The authors discovered that pieces of the historical jigsaw puzzle lay scattered all over the world. Admiral Don Francisco Salmon undertook to immediately survey the extent of the damage. The Nuestra Señora de la Concepción carried gold coins and gold bars, as well as a number of chests of silver coins. However at least three ships were missing, including two vessels that were lost from sight, according to survivors, some 36 hours before the sinking of the fleet.
In the Florida Straits, near present-day Cape Canaveral, the fleet ran into a hurricane, with the disastrous loss of ten ships and 700 lives. McKee took artifacts from the site for years and recovered several cannons, more than 1,000 silver coins, statues, religious medals, jewelry, and other items. Based on what you have learned, what is the difference between commercial treasure hunting and underwater archeology? Marx, The Search for Sunken Treasure: Exploring the World's Great Shipwrecks Toronto: Key Porter Books, 1993 ; Robert F. What caused the delays that led to sailing at a particularly treacherous time of the year? A group of Real Eight members picked two coins. Pressure had been mounting for the fleet to sail. The Capitán de Mar y Tierra was in direct command of the capitana, the flagship, a captured English ship formerly named the Hampton Court, laden with a great number of chests of silver coins, gold coins, gold bars, gold dust, and jewelry, as well as tropical organic products. Burgess grew up in Grand Rapids, Michigan and as a youth often trout-fished the same creeks and streams as Ernest Hemingway.
However, once the cargo was signed for it was no longer Spanish treasure and did not sail to Spain. News of the disaster had swept the Americas and Europe much like the news of the Market crash would some 220 years later, and privateers, pirates and looters converged toward Palmar de Ays near present day Sebastian, Florida like ravenous vultures. However, beginning in 1968 the State of Florida initiated a salvage contract program overseen by State appointed agents with archaeological oversight. Today the site is a popular recreational diving spot for tourists and locals. The entire fleet was lost, and of the some twenty five hundred persons aboard various ships, well over one thousand perished. Le Petit Larousse Illustré, Larousse, Paris 2007.
The first of these wars, the War of the Grand Alliance, ended in 1697 with the Treaty of Ryswick, but in 1701 another war broke out, this time over the succession of the Spanish crown. The site's popularity with snorkelers and divers led to its designation as Florida's first Underwater Archaeological Preserve in 1987. Within a few days several ships were leaving Havana harbor, loaded with emergency supplies, salvage equipment, government officials and soldiers, on their way to the east coast of Florida. A Concise History of the 1715 Spanish Plate Fleet Revised August 2018 by John de Bry With some regularity, two fleets traveled between Spain and the Americas; the Flota de Tierra Firme from Spain to Cartagena and Panama, and the Flota de Nueva España toward Veracruz. Little was salvaged at the time. The authors then move into contemporary times to tell readers what happened after corroded silver coins were found along beaches opposite the wrecks. However, the very warm waters of the South Atlantic contributed to unstable weather, and the then unpredictable rapid development of violent and devastating tropical storms called hurricanes.
There were also gold coins, gold bars, silver bars, and jewelry, as well as emeralds, pearls, and precious Kangxi Chinese export porcelain which had been brought to Mexico by the Manila Galleons. Weller, Galleon Alley: The 1733 Spanish Treasure Fleet Lake Worth, Florida: Crossed Anchors Salvage, 2001. These conditions made ships even more vulnerable to attacks by pirates, but the greatest danger came from an uncontrollable element; the weather. The Spanish fleets had been in the Americas for two years waiting to sail for Spain. The eleven ships making up the fleet assembled in Havana in the summer of 1715.
These wars disrupted trade between the Americas and the Old Continent, and Spain, highly dependent on the riches of the New World to finance her own policies of expansionism in Europe, suffered greatly. Burgess: The Quest for the Queen's Jewels by Robert F. Army 88th Blue Devil Division Ski Troops in northern Italy. Those ships are thought to be El Señor San Miguel and the French Prize known as El Ciervo renamed Nuestra Señora del carmen, but referred to as El Ciervo, i. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 2001; Timothy R.
One frigate helped complete the flotilla. He applied for a salvage permit from the State of Florida. The 1715 fleet was the first fleet of treasure ships to sail for Spain since the end of the war. Here are the addresses for you to find out more about these two programs. By the end of 1718, the Spanish authorities reported back to Spain that all of the registered treasure had been recovered. The Griffon arrived safely in Le Havre. By the afternoon of July 30 th Captain General Ubilla ordered his fleet to change course to head directly into the wind.
Spanish admiralty officials in Havana, worried about the fate of the fleet, sent a small sloop to search for wrecks. The experienced sailors within the fleet recognized this weather as the sign of an approaching hurricane. Some people believe there were actually twelve Spanish ships for a total of thirteen ships in the fleet. The Stag, to avoid confusion. How much treasure was lost? From historical facts long buried in Spanish archives they learned why these two Spanish treasure fleets were fated to be caught off the southeast Florida coast in a hurricane of 1715.
After ten years of research, the authors finally had all the facts, which enabled them to reconstruct the story. The fact that neither ship was ever heard of does not mean they floundered and sank in the open sea, it simply means that the ships might have sunk close to shore, far to the south or north, like the other ships in the fleet, and that there were no survivors. In order to uncover any possible treasure, the group decided they would need to move the ballast rock. Much research remains to be done on the 1715 Fleet and its treasure. The great treasure fleet of 1715 sailed from Havana harbor in the early morning of July 24th, a beautiful and calm day, with a gentle breeze to help the ships find the Florida current which ran north and up the Straits of Florida the Gulf Stream.
Captain Antoine Dar of the Griffon was wearier of sailing close to the Florida East Coast; he kept the Griffon further out to sea and east of the Spanish ships. Hurricanes of the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions, 1492-1800, by José Carlos Millás, Case 13, pp. For more than two centuries, sand and sea held their secrets well. Pierce and mistakenly identified as the Nuestra Señora de las Nieves. These probably represented treasure smuggled in the bottoms of barrels to avoid paying taxes.