These are some of the underrecognized dimensions of journalistic labor. The second Palestinian Intifada, an uprising against Israeli occupation that started in 2000, is a vital context for the study of journalism; likewise, journalism is an important lens through which to understand the second Intifada. I am thankful for support of this project from the Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad grant, the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, the McCracken Graduate Fellowship from New York University, the Lichtstern Research Award from the University of Chicago Department of Anthropology, and a Faculty Research Award from Tufts University. Daniel Listoe was a patient, perceptive, and generous editor. Du Bois described for African Americans.
Michael Gilsenan urged close readings and a consideration of my relationship with texts. This book is an ethnography of U. The first years of the twenty-first century have been dire for global press freedom. Back Stories examines news stories big and smallYassir Arafat's funeral, female suicide bombers, protests against the separation barrier, an all-but-unnoticed killing of a mentally disabled manto investigate urgent questions about objectivity, violence, the state, and the production of knowledge in today's news. I also thank everyone who has worked with this manuscript at Stanford University Press, including Mariana Raykov and Jeff Wyneken, and especially Kate Wahl, whose advice on refining the manuscript and hands-on work in making a book have been invaluable. Printed in the United States of America on acid-free, archival-quality paper Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Bishara, Amahl A. In reality Palestinian journalists are active participants in the collaborative process of knowledge production.
The photographs in front of the White House took on a devastating new set of meanings now that Mazen had died at the hand of an American soldier. A few colleagues have been important interlocutors during both fieldwork and the writing process: Michael Kennedy, Peter Lager-quist, Julie Norman, and most especially Lori Allen, who has with forbearance and acuity read much of this manuscript multiple times. It is the result of fourteen years of continuous sweat and toil. As with the journalists, I have benefited from their work in two ways: not only has their research provided a starting point for my own analysis on violence against journalists, but also their advocacy for journalists in the occupied territories and beyond has helped to ensure that journalists are able to do their work. Fully voicing the ways in which this project depended on the contributions of others will be impossible, in part because I am unable to name the journalists from whom I learned so much. To understand this puzzle, Bishara ethnographically examines the different conditions for political expression and action for each group. Both were welcoming to me as well.
As a newcomer, it somehow took a while for me to understand that these were the mediated forms of martyrdom in the second Intifada. At times this can lead to the erasure of Palestinians from media coverage of the conflict. My parents, June and Ghassan Bishara, set me on the path to caring about the world and the news! Yesterday, a tragedy befell four of our colleagues in Afghanistan. Documentaries 2010 Degrees of Incarceration. I am grateful for the intellectual fellowship I have found at Tufts and beyond in valued friends and colleagues, especially Stephen Bailey, Ken Garden, David Guss, Margaret Litvin, Deborah Pacini Hernandez, Sarah Pinto, Rosalind Shaw, Cathy Stanton, and Jonathan Wilson. Studying how journalists work in Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Ramallah, and Nablus, and on the tense roads that connect these cities, Amahl Bishara demonstrates how the production of U.
As a newcomer, it somehow took a while for me to understand that these were the mediated forms of martyrdom in the second Intifada. The family wanted me to stay a few days and come back soon. I am grateful to Lila Abu-Lughod for modeling ethnographic writing that makes the most of every phrase and for inspiring me to meet the special responsibilities and challenges of contemporary Middle East ethnography. Summary Few topics in the news are more hotly contested than the Israeli-Palestinian conflict—and news coverage itself is always a subject of debate. As with the journalists, I have benefited from their work in two ways: not only has their research provided a starting point for my own analysis on violence against journalists, but also their advocacy for journalists in the occupied territories and beyond has helped to ensure that journalists are able to do their work.
Surely one of the greatest Palestinian pleasures is feeling in the groove with families and friends one loves, sitting on the veranda or around a space heater or drum, or computer. Few topics in the news are more hotly contested than the Israeli-Palestinian conflict—and news coverage itself is always a subject of debate. They are not passive subjects for international media to mold a narrative around however they want. This book reaches beyond the headlines into the lives of Palestinians during the second intifada to give readers a new vantage point on both Palestinians and journalism. The news I was accustomed to reading and seeing in the United States looked quite different from the dirt mounds outside Hebron than it had from my New York apartment. The Embodied and Up-Close Work of Journalism Locating the Foreign Correspondent at a Demonstration 5. Back Stories examines news stories big and small—Yassir Arafat's funeral, female suicide bombers, protests against the separation barrier, an all-but-unnoticed killing of a mentally disabled man—to investigate urgent questions about objectivity, violence, the state, and the production of knowledge in today's news.
It can also involve epistemic fellowships: collaborations in knowledge production in which people with different disciplinary or professional backgrounds and different epistemic standards, styles, and ultimate goals can say certain things together, even if they disagree on other topics. The occupied Palestinian territories are an especially rich place for a study of journalism—especially international journalism read and viewed in the United States—because of presumptions in the United States about Arabs, recent U. I am grateful to Thomas Abowd, Julie Chu, Hilary Dick, Paja Faudree, Zeynep Gürsel, Andrew Graan, Jessica Greenberg, Rosemary Hicks, Rich Jankowsky, Margaret Litvin, Robin Shoaps, and Winifred Tate for their readings of chapters from this book. My first book, Back Stories: U. Daniel Listoe was a patient, perceptive, and generous editor. She, Jessica Cattelino, Sherine Hamdy, Sarah Pinto, Winifred Tate, and Jessica Winegar have helped me think and rethink what it means to do ethically grounded and ethnographically rich anthropology in times of crisis, and to still have fun doing it! News Production and Palestinian Politics Stanford University Press, 2013 and the director of the documentary Degrees of Incarceration 2010. This tragedy illustrates just how costly uncovering the truth can be.
Bishara Stanford University Press Stanford, California To my parents, June and Ghassan Bishara As you express yourself in metaphor, think of others those who have lost the right to speak. Positioning a tripod in the rubble Figure 5. But it was at Dulles International Airport near Washington, D. News Production and Palestinian Politics. I am also interested in analyzing practices of collaboration within the field of journalism, especially among journalists of different nationalities.
³¹ Examining journalism from the occupied Palestinian territories illuminates the ways international journalism has profound cultural and political effects for the communities in which it is produced, even if community members rarely read the New York Times. ³ A day before the dinner, four journalists had been ambushed and killed by gunmen in Afghanistan. Bishara examines Palestinian society, focusing on the role that international which is often synonymous with U. Balanced Objectivity and Accumulated Authorship Words That Fly in the Air 2. During their reflection, her interviewees disappointedly note the double standard that seems to be applied to how Palestinians are portrayed in the international media 200. Studying how journalists work in Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Ramallah, and Nablus, and on the tense roads that connect these cities, A Few topics in the news are more hotly contested than the Israeli-Palestinian conflict—and news coverage itself is always a subject of debate. Review of Middle East Studies43 2 :164-167.
Second, because foreign correspondence was so pervasive as an on-the-ground practice during the second Intifada, the production of news itself—apart from journalistic texts—has had a critical political and social impact as well. Some of them, like flying bullets or all too immobile piles of dirt, impede the flow of information. Outside of the academy, writing on journalism—sometimes authored by journalists, especially foreign correspondents—has emphasized the heroic individual reporter. In 2001, President George W. Similar dynamics of collaboration are at work in the West Bank because most U.